man coding

A beginner’s guide to programming

Why do you want to learn to code? At the beginning of your potential programming career, it is crucial to ask yourself this question. In addition to cool things such as good earnings, often meetups, trips, remote work, there is another side of programming.

It comes with responsibility, dedication, acquiring new skills, learning new technologies all in order to keep up with new trends. If you want to gain new skills constantly, you need to have a good knowledge of the English language.

All tutorials, all books are in English. Every communication is done in the same way, and every problem or solution you are looking for is also in English. These are effective ways to learn the English language in a short period of time!

But the most important thing is to choose the right path. Programming is a very wide concept and people use their programming skills in many fields such as web, software, games, science, IoT, etc.

Things You Should Know Before You Start Coding

However, before you choose your path, here are several things you need to consider in order to make the processor of learning easier and more effective.

  • Learn the basics of programming – Whichever programing language you choose, you should learn the basics of programming first. If you want to learn how to code for free, there are a lot of platforms on the internet such as Udemy or FreeCodeCamp.
  • Don’t compare yourself with other developers – We are not all the same. It is important to be persistent in everything, no matter how difficult it is. You have to get out of your comfort zone because programming is just like that – every problem is solvable, but every problem is unique and it requires a different approach.
  • Don’t compete with others – Competing yourself with others can have a negative effect on you because the only thing you want to do is to become better than someone else. That is not the solution.
  • Start with small goals – At the beginning of this process, start with small steps. Make a list of things you want to finish in one day. For instance, that can be reading one chapter of a book, watching a video tutorial, or writing 20 lines of code.

Choose Your Programming Language

If you are a beginner, now is the perfect time to choose your programing language. There are some basic directions such as operating systems, mobile app development, web development, Virtual Reality, game development, robotics, networks, system administration, DevOps, etc.

In this guide, we are going to describe several popular programming languages. But before you start learning you need to understand the basics things like data structures, variables, and commands.

laptop and a cup of coffee


It is an object-oriented programming language. The term object-oriented programming means a method of software development in which programs are designed as a group of objects that interact with each other. Here are the best free Java courses for beginners. Many things are written in Java such as Android, Android apps, Eclipse, etc.


This is a very versatile programming language. It is used almost everywhere, it is powerful and easy to learn. It is recommended for beginners because it develops good programming logic. You can use the language for web development, data analysis, and AI. There are a lot of programs developed by Python such as Eclipse, Sublime Text, Atom, BitTorrent, etc.


PHP is a programming language designed specifically for the web. If you want to make server-side web applications, PHP might be the right choice for you. It is very popular since the most famous web applications are written in this language, such as Facebook.


JS allows us to build interactive websites. It is the most popular programming language for making front-end web applications. It has a lot of frameworks such as Vue, Angular, React, Ember and jQuery. On the other hand, you can use the language along with the nodeJS framework for making backend applications.

JS, like PHP, is responsible for the entire web, so it makes no sense to list everything that is written in JS.

C, C++, C#

Similar to each other, they all come from the C programming language, except for C #, which is Microsoft’s product. On the other hand, C and C++ are very difficult to learn. If you start to learn one of these languages, keep in mind that you will not only learn the language as such but also how the computer actually works.

C# developed by Microsoft is used to create applications, as well as to create games through the Unity Game engine.

To conclude, start with the basics of programming. And no matter what language you choose, be persistent and don’t quit. 

Good luck!